The PMP® Exam is the Project Management Institutes (PMI®) quality control tool to ensure that each project manager that boasts the acronym PMP® after their name, has mastered the project management "best practices" as defined by the PMI®. The exam is very demanding: the applicant is allowed 4 hours to answer 200 multiple choice questions. These questions do more than just exercise the applicant's memory, they gauge the applicants grasp of the project management concepts the questions are based on. Anyone who has passed the exam has exhibited the ability to not only recall the PMI®'s project management principles, but to apply these principles to solve real life problems.
The exam consists of 200 multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 possible answers, only one of which is correct. 25 of the 200 questions are "pretest" questions; they are not included in the final mark and are included for the purpose of determining their suitability for inclusion on the exam. Your mark will be derived from your score on the remaining 175 questions. The identity of the 25 "pretest" questions won't be revealed to you, so you won't be able to reserve your best efforts for the remaining 175 questions.
The exam is administered by a 3rd part service provider, engaged by the PMI® to administer the exam. The PMI® compiles the questions on the exam, determines the criteria for passing the exam, and controls the exam software so the examinee's experience will be the same regardless of who administers the exam.
You don't have to remember each and every input, output, tool, and technique for each process in the PMBOK®! (Just as well because very few people are capable of this feat of memory). This section tells you how to conduct your PMP® Exam preparation so that you're prepared to answer questions on inputs, outputs, tools, and technques.
This section explains the difference between memory based and "situational" questions and illustrates the difference with an example. It's important to understand the difference and be prepared for these questions as they form a large percentage of the exam questions.